At the Northern Ireland Assembly in June 2000, the parties vigorously debated the hoisting of Union flags on public buildings. Sinn Fein had ordered the departments it controlled not to fly the Union flag.1 On 8 November 2000, the Government adopted the Northern Ireland Statutory Rules (No 347) on flags2, which came into force on 11 November 2000. It specified certain days and occasions when the Union flag could be hoisted. Legislation has reduced the days the flag flies from 9 to 5.3 p.m. “Good Friday Agreement – Symbols and Emblems,” BBC News, accessed February 7, 2013, On 10 April 1998, the so-called Good Friday Agreement (or Belfast Agreement) was signed. This agreement helped end a period of conflict in the region known as the Troubles. The agreement consists of two interrelated documents, both of which were agreed in Belfast on Good Friday, 10 April 1998: issues of sovereignty, civil and cultural rights, weapons dismantling, demilitarization, justice and law enforcement were at the heart of the agreement. The multi-party agreement is an agreement between the British Government, the Irish Government and most of the political parties in Northern Ireland. It sets out the support of the signatory parties to the British-Irish Agreement and provides the framework for various political institutions. It is divided into three parts: the peace process has succeeded over the past two decades in finally overcoming the violence of the unrest. Since the conclusion of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, it has been necessary to pursue a number of other political and legal agreements in order to consolidate the peace settlement provided for in the GFA. As part of the agreement, the British Parliament repealed the Government of Ireland Act 1920 (which had established Northern Ireland, divided Ireland and claimed a territorial claim over all of Ireland) and the people of the Republic of Ireland amended Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution of Ireland, which affirmed a territorial claim to Northern Ireland.

The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments and eight political parties or groups in Northern Ireland. Three were representative of unionism: the Ulster Unionist Party, which had been celebrating since the beginning of the 20th century. The Progressive Unionist Party (associated with the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)) and the Ulster Democratic Party (the political wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA)) were linked to loyalist paramilitaries. Two were commonly referred to as nationalists: the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, the Republican Party linked to the Provisional Irish Republican Army. [4] [5] Regardless of these rival traditions, there were two other assembly parties, the Inter-Community Alliance Party and the Northern Ireland Women`s Coalition. There was also the Labour Coalition. U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell was sent by U.S. President Bill Clinton to chair talks between parties and groups.

[6] The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland, contained in the UK`s withdrawal agreement from the EU, reaffirmed that the Good Friday Agreement should be protected in its entirety. In 2010, the signing of the Hillsborough Agreement allowed for the transfer of police and judicial powers to the Northern Ireland Assembly, which began later that year. It also included an agreement on the controversial parades that had led to ongoing conflicts between communities. In 2004, negotiations took place between the two governments, the DUP and Sinn Féin on an agreement to restore the institutions. These talks failed, but a document published by governments detailing changes to the Belfast Agreement became known as the “Global Agreement”. On the 26th. However, in September 2005, it was announced that the Provisional Irish Republican Army had completely decommissioned and “decommissioned” its arsenal. Nevertheless, many trade unionists, especially the DUP, remained sceptical. Of the loyalist paramilitaries, only the Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) had decommissioned weapons.

[21] Further negotiations took place in October 2006 for the St Andrews Agreement. In April 1916, the Easter Rising shook Dublin when a group of Irish nationalists proclaimed the establishment of an Irish republic and clashed with British troops in the capital. The uprising, which resulted in the loss of 450 lives and destroyed much of central Dublin, was put to an end by the British within a week. However, the mood of the public changed decisively when the 15 leaders of the uprising were executed by British authorities in May 1916. Executions and the imposition of martial law fueled public resentment against the British. The next five turbulent years, including the Irish War of Independence (1919-21), led to the end of British rule in most parts of Ireland. The result of these referendums was a large majority in both parts of Ireland in favour of the agreement. In the republic, 56% of voters voted, with 94% of the vote in favour of the constitutional amendment.

Turnout in Northern Ireland was 81%, with 71% in favour of the deal. On 11 January 2020, based on the new decade, the agreement on the new approach, the executive and the assembly were reinstated with the participation of the five main political parties in Northern Ireland. The riots were a time when there was a lot of violence between two groups – republicans and loyalists. Many people were killed in the fighting. On the 22nd. In May 1998, referendums were held in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. In Northern Ireland, people were asked, “Do you support the agreement reached in the multi-party talks on Northern Ireland and set out in Command Document 3883?” Turnout in the referendum was 81.1%, of which 71.1% supported the agreement. In the Republic of Ireland, people were asked, “Do you agree with the proposed amendment to the Constitution contained in the bill mentioned below, nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution Act 1998?” Turnout in the referendum was 55.6%, of which 94.4% supported the proposed constitutional amendment.1 Unfortunately, it was not possible to reach an agreement on the implementation of the provisions of the Stormont House Agreement, which deal with the legacy of the past, within the deadline of the New Beginning talks.

The Irish and British Governments have committed to continue work on this issue in order to create an agreed basis for the creation of the new institutional framework to deal with the past, as provided for in the Stormont House Agreement. In addition, the UK government has committed to creating a new statutory equality commission to replace the Fair Employment Commission, the Equal Opportunities Commission (NI), the Racial Equality Commission (NI) and the Disability Council. The establishment of the Equality Commission was provided for in the Northern Ireland Act (1998). The Commission was finally established on 1 March 19992 “The Good Friday Agreement: Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission”, BBC News, May 2006, accessed 21 January 2013, was published on 1. 3 “The Good Friday Agreement: Equality Commission for Northern Ireland,” BBC News, May 2006, accessed January 21, 2013, These issues – parades, flags and legacy of the past – were the subject of negotiations in 2013, chaired by Richard N. Haass, president of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Meghan L.

O`Sullivan, professor at Harvard Kennedy School and now a member of the CFR Board of Trustees. The talks, which involved the five main political parties, failed to reach an agreement, although many proposals — including the creation of a historic investigative unit to investigate unresolved deaths during the conflict and a commission to help victims obtain information about the deaths of relatives — were a big part of the Stormont House deal. carried out in 2014.. .